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Lake Plain Coastal Restoration Project

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This habitat restoration project represents the work of a multi-state, public and private partnership comprised of state and local government, non-governmental organizations, universities, volunteers and private landowners.

The Lake Plain connects 14 community types and provides habitat for over 500 plant and 300 animal species, including 63 state- and four federally-listed species. Restoration efforts include preventing the spread of invasive plant species and restoring hydrology, thus improving the long term sustainability of this natural area for the enjoyment of northeastern Illinois citizens and the thousands of tourists this coastal area attracts annually.

This is a unique partnership with agencies and municipalities from two different states, including:

While each partner has individually dedicated a great deal of effort towards habitat preservation and restoration on their own lands, this project represents the first time that partners are coordinating restoration beyond our individual property boundaries to achieve conservation goals across the entire 4,000-acre landscape. Learn more »

The Great Lakes are considered some of the most important natural resources in the world, containing about 21 percent of the world’s surface freshwater supply. They provide drinking water for tens of millions of people and support a huge diversity of plants and wildlife, including hundreds of globally rare species. This immense network of unique habitat types provides vital ecological services, such as flood control, carbon storage and water filtration. Despite their size and importance, the Great Lakes have been significantly degraded by human activity.

Restoration efforts in this local Lake Plain include removal of invasive species, re-establishing native plant communities, minimizing the flow of storm water into high quality wetlands, and increasing populations of threatened and endangered species through enhancement of the surrounding habitats.

This is a great example of all levels of government and public and private conservation organizations cooperating to protect unique natural resources of Lake Michigan.


Lake Plain Designated a Wetland of International Importance

The Chiwaukee Prairie Illinois Beach Lake Plain (Lake Plain) has been designated a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention, an intergovernmental treaty for protection of exemplary wetland systems around the world.

The Lake Plain joins Everglades National Park in Florida and San Francisco Bay Estuary in California as one of only 38 sites in the United States to achieve this designation. This is the fourth designation of its kind in Illinois and the fifth in Wisconsin. This is only the third Ramsar site in the United States that crosses state boundaries. View Lake Plain Fact Sheet.

A partner celebration of the designation was held in September 2015, at North Point Marina in Winthrop Harbor, Illinois. The event hosted more than 120 enthusiastic Lake Plain partners and showcased the feeling of camaraderie and celebration that made the momentous designation possible. Learn more »

“It is wonderful that so many partners have joined us to celebrate this important designation,” welcomed Alex Ty Kovach, Executive Director of the Lake County Forest Preserves. “Partnerships and strategic alliances can help to make an international program more successful. They allow us to capitalize on the individual strengths of each participating organization. They provide local contacts and links to communities and stakeholders that are critical to the success of a program. It is with these shared responsibilities that great things can be accomplished."

“Here in northeastern Illinois, Lake Michigan’s coastal wetlands have long been recognized as special places for nature and people, Brent Paxton, Lake County Board Commissioner, District 4. “It is with great pride and gratitude, to all people—past and present—who have contributed, that I announce designation of the Chiwaukee Prairie Illinois Beach Lake Plain as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance. Through the Ramsar designation, 3,914 acres of our lakefront from Kenosha, Wisconsin to Waukegan, Illinois, have now been acknowledged as having significant value not only for Illinois and Wisconsin, but globally.”

The Lake Plain, covering approximately 15 miles of Lake Michigan shoreline, contains the highest quality coastal dune and swale ecosystem in the region. This coastal landscape supports six globally rare representatives of fen, sedge meadow, freshwater marsh and seep wetland communities, as well as critical sand savanna and dry prairie upland habitat. The publicly and privately protected ecosystem connects 14 different community types, seven of which are wetland communities.

Among the reasons cited for recognizing the international importance of the Lake Plain were the following:

  • The Lake Plain contains six representative community types of exemplary high quality, which are designated with a global conservation status ranking of imperiled or vulnerable.
  • The Lake Plain supports two federally protected wetland dependent species, including the only highly viable population of eastern prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in the region, as well as 1,236 acres designated as critical habitat area for the federally endangered piping plover (Charadrius melodus)
  • The Lake Plain serves as important breeding habitat for many wetland dependent bird species and provides critical migratory stopover habitat for at least 310 migratory bird species. A portion of the Lake Plain (2,039 acres) is designated an Important Bird Conservation Area by the National Audubon Society.  

“Designation as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance is a great honor and it’s a fitting tribute to the hard work and perseverance that citizens, agencies and organizations on both sides of the state line have shown in protecting this coastal gem,” said Owen Boyle, acting director of the Natural Heritage Conservation Program for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

The Great Lakes are considered some of the most important natural resources in the world. They provide drinking water for tens of millions of people and support a huge diversity of plants and wildlife, including hundreds of globally rare species. This immense network of unique habitat types provides vital ecological services, such as flood control, carbon storage and water filtration.

The Lake Plain connects 14 community types and provides habitat for over 500 plant and 300 animal species, including 63 state and four federally listed species. Future conservation projects in this region will re-establish native plant communities, minimize flow of storm water into high quality wetlands, and increase populations of threatened and endangered species through enhancement of the surrounding habitats.

“Decades ago, conservation pioneers including Al Krampert and Phil Sander began working to protect the unique wetland, prairie and oak savanna habitat at Chiwaukee Prairie,” said Steve Richter, Director of Conservation Programs for The Nature Conservancy. “Later, many others including Gen Crema and Donna Peterson picked up where they left off. This designation is a testament to their conservation efforts and to the collaborative approach taken by citizens, communities, academia, non-profits and government to continue the work they so passionately began 50 years ago.”


About Chiwaukee Prairie Illinois Beach Lake Plain The Ramsar Convention has designated 3,914 acres of land owned by eight public landowners along Lake Michigan in southeast Wisconsin and northeast Illinois as a Wetland of International Importance.

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